February 13th, 2015 | Posted in Medical Articles
Over the last decade, the field of veterinary anesthesiology has made incredible advancements. New anesthetic drugs and techniques, improved monitoring equipment, and recent research has combined to make sedation and anesthesia more effective and much safer for companion animals.
General anesthesia is used for most major surgeries and even for diagnostic procedures such as endoscopy and imaging (MRI). Local anesthesia, also known as Loco- regional blocks, are used for surgical procedures, acute and chronic pain control, medical diagnostics and therapy. Both general and local anesthesia may be used in some cases going to surgery. Advanced technology, trained veterinary technicians and equipment will be utilized to monitor heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen levels, and other vital signs.
What to expect when your pet is anesthetized
Each patient is evaluated by their doctor and technician to prepare an individualized anesthesia plan based on age, weight, breed, health and procedure.
Before the procedure: The UVS nursing staff will provide specific instructions on how you should prepare your pet for the procedure or surgery. You may be asked to withhold food, water and in some cases medications for a period of time before the procedure.
Admission to the hospital: When dropping off your pet, you will be asked about any allergies to food or medications, any prior issues with anesthesia, and if CPR should be performed if medically necessary. Please bring any prescribed oral medications your pet is currently on as your pet may need these while in the hospital. This is all important information as it will ensure the doctors and nurses are providing the best medical care possible for your pet.
To prepare your pet for the procedure, the nursing staff will be clipping several areas of your pet’s hair coat. This is to place IV catheters, monitoring equipment and to make incisions. Soon after surgery, you will receive a call from the doctor or nursing staff to let you know how your pet is recovering. Please be sure to provide our staff with the best phone number(s) to reach you during this time.
Discharge from the hospital: Most surgeries require an overnight stay. Typically patients are discharged between 12:00 pm and 6:00 pm the day following surgery. This allows the doctors and nurses to assess their pain management and whether your pet is physically ready to leave the hospital’s care. During the discharge discussion with the technician, you will be provided with specific instructions on how to care for pet once you are home.