Veterinary Internal Medicine at Upstate Veterinary Specialties

Veterinary internal medicine encompasses illnesses involving internal organs such as the lungs, gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidneys, pancreas, spleen, endocrine organs (e.g., thyroid, adrenal glands, and pancreas), blood, immune system, and infectious diseases.  A board certified internal medicine specialist has undertaken several years of specialty training beyond veterinary school in the discipline of internal medicine, and has been certified as a specialist in this area via a series of examinations and case reports by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.

Like people, pets can develop complicated illnesses that can necessitate the expertise of a skilled and knowledgeable internist such as Dr. Sara Arnold and Dr. Alison Khoo.  Often, these patients may be dealing with multiple disease processes in which the global, whole-body viewpoint of an internal medicine specialist can assist in management of the case.  Coordination between the local veterinarian and specialist is very important in management of internal medicine patients, and because the pet owner is the best resource for how the patient is feeling, communication between owner and veterinarian is critical for ideal therapy of the pet.

Veterinary Internal Medicine Services Available at UVS

Internal medicine specialists use advanced testing procedures in order to obtain an accurate diagnosis for the pet, and formulate the best treatment plan.  These diagnostic procedures available at UVS include:

  • novel blood and urine tests
  • blood pressure measurement
  • radiographs
  • fluoroscopy
  • ultrasound
  • MRI
  • contrast studies
  • ultrasound-guided aspirates or biopsies
  • endoscopy in a variety of areas of the body (e.g., nasal cavities, trachea, lungs, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, reproductive tract, and urinary tract)

Once a diagnosis is made, internal medicine specialists can provide state-of-the-art therapy to fight disease, with the goal of maintaining or improving your pet’s quality of life.  These treatments could include the use of novel medications, intravenous nutrition, feeding tube placement, 24-hour hospitalization, transfusions, oxygen supplementation, and central venous pressure monitoring.

If you’re a referring veterinarian seeking more information about the internal medicine services available for your patients at UVS, contact us today at (518) 783-3198. You can also refer a patient quickly and easily using our convenient Online Referral Form.



More Information About Veterinary Internal Medicine:


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  • Dr. Khoo Joins IM Team!
  • About Anesthesia
  • Upstate Veterinary Specialties

    Upstate Veterinary Specialties

    COVID-19 Protocols:

    Updated: July 5, 2021

    UVS is happy to welcome our clients back into the building! Please see the below information regarding reopening and our most current COVID-19 policies.

    Clients arriving for their appointment with a specialist or an emergency visit will be directed to call our Client Relations team upon arrival. During your initial phone call with our team, clients will be given three options for proceeding with their appointment.

    1. Continue curbside services and remain in your vehicle.
    2. Wait in your vehicle until your appointment is ready and be taken directly into an exam room.
    3. Enter the building and wait in the lobby.
      • Appropriate spacing in the lobby must be available to proceed with option 3.
      • Please follow social distancing guidelines when in the lobby.


    For an appointment or visit within the hospital, either in the lobby or straight to an exam room, we are limiting the number of visitors to two (2) individuals per patient.

    Mask Policy:

    Face masks are required in all public areas of the hospital. Please take the time to understand why we require masks within the hospital:

    1. UVS will not be asking clients to show proof of their vaccination status.
    2. Human healthcare facilities are one of the exceptions to the new, relaxed CDC masking guidelines. As a medical facility, we are following our human healthcare colleague’s lead.
    3. Our hospital’s work environment has many tight, shared spaces that do not allow for social distancing.
    4. Some of our clients and colleagues are not vaccinated, cannot be vaccinated, or have medical conditions that make them a higher risk for contracting COVID-19.


    Thank you for your cooperation and understanding in this matter

    Please click here for full details on our COVID-19 protocols, including visitation, euthanasia, and prescription pick-ups.