Critical Care

Veterinary Critical Care involves treating and managing dynamic disease processes affecting the entire animal. Critical Care Medicine focuses on the most immediate needs of an ill or injured animal, often integrating multiple disciplines to attain the best possible outcome.

What to Expect

The Critical Care team at UVS works hand-in-hand with our emergency department and allied specialty services to provide the highest standard of care possible. You may encounter a criticalist in a variety of ways. Most frequently, veterinary critical care involves managing hospitalized patients. Criticalists will also act as in-house consultants for all of our services or lend a hand in sedated and anesthetized procedures. Occasionally, veterinary critical care assists emergency cases by bringing their unique expertise into the ER.

Common Conditions, Management, and Treatment of Critical Care Conditions in Pets

Veterinary Critical Care treats a wide variety of illnesses, injuries, and toxicities, ranging from severe trauma, drug ingestions, endocrine crises, acute kidney injuries, and more. The following are some examples of ailments requiring a criticalist’s expertise.

  • Veterinary trauma patients, including bite wounds, vehicular injuries, or burn injuries
  • Respiratory distress
  • Hemorrhage and need for blood transfusions
  • Animals who are unable to urinate or are not producing urine
  • Animals that have ingested medications or toxins
  • Post-operative patients
  • Anaphylactic shock
  • Patients who are septic or at risk for sepsis
  • Patients who are having endocrine crises such as diabetic ketoacidosis and Addisonian crisis

Board Certified Veterinary Criticalists

A board-certified veterinary criticalist has undertaken several years of specialty training beyond veterinary school in the discipline of emergency and critical care, encompassing at least a year-long rotating internship, a three-year residency, a series of examinations, and at least one academic publication. After completing this training, the individual becomes certified by the American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care.

The goal of the critical care medicine service is to provide primary case management or supervision to the veterinary emergency doctors in the evaluation, specialized monitoring, and intensive care of critically ill and injured pets.

More Information About Veterinary Critical Care:

Veterinary Criticalists: