Medical Articles

Specialty Spotlight – Seizures, A Complicated Neurologic Problem

Seizures, A Complicated Neurologic Problem Todd Bishop, DVM, DACVIM (Neurology) Seizures are one of the most common but also one of the most complicated neurologic problems we encounter in practice. In an effort to make these cases more manageable, I’ve created a diagnostic checklist to ensure that I am making the most informed clinical decisions possible for my patients. I hope that you find this scheme helpful in your practice. Seizure management is like a jigsaw puzzle.  One never gets…

UVS Neurologist Dr. Chelsie Estey Co-authors Chapter in Veterinary Textbook

At Upstate Veterinary Specialties, there is constant interest in learning and further advancement of the practice of veterinary medicine. Dr. Chelsie Estey of the UVS Neurology service has contributed to both journal articles and book chapters in a variety of scholarly publications.  Most recently she co-authored a chapter on multifocal brain diseases in the Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, which is due to publish in December 2016. As a neurologist and neurosurgeon her research focuses mainly on disorders affecting the…

Signs, Symptoms and Treatment of Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC) In Dogs

Summary: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a genetic disease in the Boxer dog and has also been called Boxer Cardiomyopathy; rarely other breeds are affected. This disease most commonly causes heart arrhythmias that can result in episodes of collapse or fainting and even sudden death. Description: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a genetic disease in the Boxer dog and generally will develop in middle age (5-7 years of age). This disease affects the heart muscle and causes replacement…

Dr. Aaron C. Wey Publishes His Third Textbook Chapter

At Upstate Veterinary Specialties, there is constant interest in learning and further advancement of the practice of veterinary medicine. Last month, Dr. Aaron C. Wey published his third book chapter in a veterinary textbook, Veterinary Image Guided Interventions (Wiley-Blackwell). The publication is meant to be a step-by-step guide for many interventional procedures in veterinary patients, from targeted administration of chemotherapy to intracardiac interventions. Dr. Wey authored a chapter about balloon valvuloplasty of tricuspid and mitral valve abnormalities in the text, whose primary audience…

About Anesthesia

Over the last decade, the field of veterinary anesthesiology has made incredible advancements. New anesthetic drugs and techniques, improved monitoring equipment, and recent research has combined to make sedation and anesthesia more effective and much safer for companion animals. General anesthesia is used for most major surgeries and even for diagnostic procedures such as endoscopy and imaging (MRI). Local anesthesia, also known as Loco- regional blocks, are used for surgical procedures, acute and chronic pain control, medical diagnostics and therapy….

Patellar Luxation Signs, Symptoms & Treatment Options

The patella (knee cap) is the bone at the front of the knee. The trochlear groove in the end of the femur (thigh bone) allows the patella to glide up and down when the stifle joint (knee) is bent and extended. In doing so, the patella relays the action of the quadriceps muscle to the lower leg. In some dogs, because of malformation or trauma, the ridges forming the trochlear groove are not prominent, and a very shallow groove results….

Intervertebral Disk Disease Signs, Symptoms & Treatment Options for Pets

The intervertebral disks sit between the vertebrae in the spine. Disks are the shock absorbers of the spine. They have two portions, an outside fibrous covering (the annulus fibrosis) and an inside, more gelatinous portion, the nucleus pulposis. Dachshunds, Cocker Spaniels, Lhasa apsos, Pekinese, and Beagles (among others) appear predisposed, as their disks age or degenerate quicker than most dogs. Young to middle-aged dogs are most commonly affected. Dogs less than 1 year of age rarely have intervertebral disk disease….

Cranial Cruciate Ligament (CCL) Rupture Symptoms & Treatment Options for Dogs and Cats

Cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture is the tearing of an important ligament in the stifle joint (knee), resulting in partial or complete joint instability, pain, and lameness. Torn ligaments retract, do not heal, and cannot be repaired completely. If the injury is not treated, damage to connective tissues and degenerative joint disease often results. The CCL attaches to the femur (thigh bone), runs across the stifle joint, and attaches to the tibia (shin bone). The CCL holds the tibia in…

Cataract Signs, Symptoms & Treatment Options for Dogs

What are cataracts? A cataract is a change in the clear fibers of the lens. Normally the lens is clear allowing the visualized image to be focused and projected onto the retina. When some of these fibers become abnormal the lens becomes crystallized and opaque in appearance. This opaque area distorts and blurs the image slightly. As the cataract gets larger, more and more of the image becomes distorted until vision is affected, eventually leading to blindness. What causes cataracts?…

Signs and Symptoms of Glaucoma in Dogs & Treatment Options Available at UVS

What is Glaucoma? Glaucoma is defined as increased pressure within the eye that causes degenerative changes in the optic nerve and retina with subsequent blindness. What Causes Glaucoma? Cells inside the eye behind the iris, called the ciliary body epithelium, continuously make the fluid (“aqueous humor”) that fills the front portion of the eye. Glaucoma develops when the normal flow of this fluid out of the eye is impaired. In most cases, this is caused by a hereditary defect where…